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The Voting System

The Police and Crime Commissioner elections will use the Supplementary Voting System. If there are two candidates, then the First Past the Post System will be used.

Supplementary Vote
The Supplementary Vote System is currently used to elect the Mayor of London and other elected mayors in England and Wales.

With the Supplementary Vote System, voters have a first and second preference choice. A voter marks a cross in one column for their first preference candidate and another cross in a second column for their second preference (if they wish to do so).

The ballot papers are counted and if a candidate received more than 50 per cent of the first preference votes on the first count, then they are elected.

If no candidate reaches more than 50 per cent, the two candidates with the highest number of votes are retained and the other candidates are eliminated. The second preferences on the ballot papers of the eliminated candidates are counted and any cast for the two remaining candidates are transferred. The candidate with the most votes at the end of this process is elected.

First-past-the-post
This is used to elect MPs to the House of Commons and for local elections in England and Wales.

Under first-past-the-post, the United Kingdom or local authority is divided into numerous voting areas, i.e. constituencies or wards. At a general or local election, voters put a cross (X) next to their preferred candidate on a ballot paper.

Ballot papers are then counted and the candidate that has received the most votes is elected to represent the constituency or ward.