Health and wellbeing Children and Young People JSNA

Topic Reports

The Children and Young People JSNA is a "living" resource that is being expanded and developed through consultation with key stakeholders and will incorporate the views of the community including children and young people. 

All JSNA Topic Papers are currently available on request only. If you would like to receive a copy of one of the Topic Papers listed on this website, please email

The following topics are included in the Children and Young People JSNA:

1. The Local Context

This section includes information about health inequalities and explains why we need to focus on the health and wellbeing of children and young people in Manchester.

2. Wider Determinants of Health

This section includes data that is not about health but about factors that can affect health or impact on health inequalities, such as deprivation, poverty, education and housing.

3. Pre-conception and Pregnancy

This section includes data that is more about a mother’s health during pregnancy than about a child’s health. The health of the mother impacts on the health of the child and is the earliest stage at which changes can be made to help improve the health outcomes of children and young people.

Including topics such as;

  • Smoking in pregnancy
  • Maternity - pregnancy, antenatal care, and postnatal care

4. Infancy and Early Years

This section includes data relating to babies and children in their first years of life, including data on birth weight, breastfeeding, and perinatal / infant mortality.

Including topics such as;

  • Breastfeeding
  • Infant mortality

5. Childhood

This section includes data on Oral Health including tooth decay, and Childhood Obesity as measured in Reception year and Year 6 of Primary School. The focus of the section is on the formation of health behaviours in early life and the impact through childhood and beyond.

6. Adolescence

This section includes data on young people not in education, employment or training, physical activity and fitness, smoking alcohol and drug use, young people’s sexual health, and under 18 conceptions.

7. Mental Health & Emotional Health and Wellbeing

This section includes data about the mental health, emotional resilience, and impact of parental mental ill health on children and young people, as well as data about self harm and suicide.

8. Unintentional Childhood Injuries

This section includes data on unintentional childhood injuries for children and young people aged under 18 in Manchester, comparing this to other Greater Manchester (GM) authorities and the average for the North West and England.

9. Immunisation Programmes

This section includes data on uptake of routine childhood vaccinations in Manchester, including how Manchester compares to international targets, the average for England, for Greater Manchester (GM), and breakdown by Manchester’s three Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs).

10. Early Help Offer including Families at Risk

This section includes information about Manchester's Early Help Offer, which is the Council's approach to improving the lives of those families who are struggling to cope. Intervening early to tackle problems emerging for children, young people and their families and supporting them to play a positive role in their communities.

11. Safeguarding

This section includes data on vulnerable groups of children and young people, from those in contact with Children’s Social Care, to those experiencing significant difficulties such as neglect, domestic violence, and emergency admissions to hospital. Young people who are at risk of harm from Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) or Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) are included.

Including topics such as;

  • Child sexual exploitation (CSE)
  • Domestic violence and abuse
  • Female genital mutilation (FGM)
  • Neglect
  • Safeguarding (children's social care)

12. Key Groups

This section includes data on key groups in the population who have specific needs.  These needs may impact on a young person’s health and wellbeing, and the groups may require more support to help them stay healthy and avoid harmful health behaviours.

This includes groups such as;

  • Care leavers
  • Children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities
  • Disabled people (Social Model of Disability)
  • Looked after children (LAC)
  • Pregnant teenagers and teenage parents
  • Young carers
  • Young lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people
  • Young offenders
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